Being aware of the importance of Human Resources especially manpower requirement in various professional and technical fields for making India a developed country by 2020, Government of Himachal Pradesh has decided to adopt a policy in consonance with National Policy of Education (NPE) 1986 and as revised from time to time for producing manpower in the conventional as well as in emerging areas of Engineering and Technology and in other professional disciplines/ areas. The Government further being aware of financial constraints to meet the immense requirement of investment in this field, intends to encourage private sector participation in the State in the matter for which the Government will extend all possible facilities and also provide some concessions for arranging the necessary infrastructural facilities required for the establishment of technical and other professional Institutions in the State. However, the Government intends to ensure that the Institutions to be established fulfill the requirement of norms/guidelines of the various Apex Bodies dealing with such education like: All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), Pharmacy Council of India (PCI), National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT) State Council for Vocational Training (SCVT) and other concerned Councils/Bodies.
The Technical Education in the state/country essentially operates at three level viz. Diploma, Degree level and post graduate whereas the Vocational Education covers the Craftsman Training Certificates. Very recently the Vocational Education at higher secondary and under graduate level has been introduced. In addition to the formal education, non-formal system of Technical Education, Vocational and Industrial Training is also being imparted by some professional bodies like IGNOU, IETE, IE India, MANlPAL Institute of Technology etc. etc. at national level to provide opportunities to specific target population for acquiring above qualifications for earning livelihood. However, some of the open Universities (Deemed) have not been able to meet the wide/varied education and training needs of large strata of population because of difficulties in imparting relevant skills and many a times, the qualification & courses are not recognized by the Govt. agencies like AICTE, NCVT and state Govt. The State Govt. recognizes the need to continuously review the practices followed by the progressive states and fine tune it with strategies and policies, the State Govt. as to keep in tandem with the rapidly changing economic environment and industrial scenario domestically and internationally look forward to cover large strata of population in the state by providing them opportunities to acquire Technical & Vocational Education through formal / non-formal need based Training Programmes. This policy is the reflection of the Govt. commitment to over all economic development of the state by continuously responding to dynamic Industrial Technical scenario to produce competent human resources adaptable to the changing time and needs.
Aims & Objectives of Policy Go_to_Top 2.1 This policy intends to :
To develop competent Technical manpower catering to the need of various industries and other organizations within State and Country.
To develop and strengthen Technical & Vocational Education at all levels through formal and non-formal mode with need based courses, quality, curriculum, learning resources and teaching-learning process, assessment certification through standardized State level and national level agencies.
To strengthen and upgrade some of existing good Technical Institutions into Centre of excellence.
To encourage Private Sector participation in establishment of new world class Technical institutions in emerging areas of Engineering/ Technologies and also to strengthen Industry Institutes interaction for enhancing employability of Himachali youths.
To make Technical Institution self-sustainable in future by way of granting them autonomy.
Present Status : Go_to_Top
At present the Department one Govt. Engg. College at Sundernagar with annual intake of 80 students, five private Engineering Colleges with annual intake of 1425 in six Engineering/Management disciplines, one Govt. College of Pharmacy at Rohru with annual intake 40, 6 private B-Pharmacy Colleges with annual intake of 360, Eight Polytechnics in the Govt. Sector with an annual intake of 1120 and One private Polytechnic College at Kumarhatti with annual intake of 300 and two D-Pharmacy college at Mandi and Solan with annual intake of 120 trainees in 12 Engineering/Pharmacy/ Non- Engineering disciplines. Polytechnics are imparting diploma level technical education whereas Degree level technical/professional education is being imparted by aforesaid Institutions. In the State Craftsman level training is being imparted under the aegis of NCVT and SCVT. The State is at present having 77 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), 49 Industrial Training Centres (ITCs) and 257 Vocational Training Centres (VTCs). The ITCs and VTCs are the Institutions imparting Vocational Training in the private sector. A perusal of Table 3.1.1 indicates total annual intake in the Engineering Colleges, Polytechnic Colleges and ITIs.
General Policy of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE):
Technical Education in the country operating at 3 levels i.e. Diploma, Under Graduate and Post Graduate is controlled and monitored by the All India Council for Technical Education called AICTE, which is a statutory body constituted by Govt. of India under AICTE Act 1987. In accordance with the latest policy laid down/adopted by AICTE which explicitly/categorically laid down that a Letter of Intent (LOI) for opening up a new Institution imparting Technical Education has to be issued by the said body subject to fulfillment of the prescribed norms and guidelines for such Institutions. As per the latest policy decision of AICTE, the No Objection Certificate from the State Government for establishment of Degree/Diploma Level Technical Institutions is not required. The council feels that factors like seats already remaining vacant in the existing Government or Private Technical Institutions may not be given any consideration or weightage as the law of the survival of the fittest and the best in the field will automatically prove the stabilizing factor in the long run.
Present Approach of the Government of India and the State Government:
In regard to Technical Education from diploma onward the general approach of the Central Government can be held to be the same as adopted by the AICTE. The Government intends to give priority for the establishment of new Engineering Colleges and Polytechnics in the private sector in those districts where at present there is no Engineering College/ Polytechnics. These institutions will be opened in the districts where industries are coming up and the Institutions proposed to venture into the field of technical education in the emerging areas of technology as per the need of industries. But at the vocational level the Government of India has desired at last one ITI in each assembly segment and in consonance with this policy the State Government has decided that one ITI in all assembly segments of the State within the next 2�3 years where local youths could be provided training in different trades which are in demand in different sectors will be opened.
To develop competent Technical manpower catering to the need of various industries and other organizations within State and Country: The Government will review the increase or decrease in the intake in various disciplines at Degree level, Technician level, Craftsman level or in other professional courses in the State as per the need of the World of Work through the projected manpower demands from time to time on the basis of the surveys conducted within the State or at the national level or requirement projected by CII and NTMIS. In order to produce quality technical and professional manpower close liaison with the industries through Institute Management Committees (IMCs) and Industry-Institute-Interaction Cells will be maintained.
To develop and strengthen Technical & Vocational Education at all levels through formal and non-formal mode with need based courses, quality, curriculum, learning resources and teaching-learning process, assessment certification through standardized State level and national level agencies: The Intake in the existing conventional disciplines and starting of new programmes in the emerging areas of technology in the formal sector and also in non-formal training to the in-service personnel in the Govt. and private sector will be taken care of under this aspect. In addition to this training in various need-based courses as per the need of rural masses, preparation of quality curricula for all such courses will also be taken care of under this aspect. Go_to_Top
To strengthen and upgrade some of existing good Technical Institutions into Centre of excellence: The The Govt. will continue its endeavors to upgrade some of good Institutions imparting technical and vocational education into Centre of Excellence by updating the infrastructure in the Institutions with the funds provided by the State, Govt. of India and other agencies from time to time and also be updating the skill and knowledge of its faculty.
To encourage Private Sector participation in establishment of new world class Technical institutions in emerging areas of Engineering/ Technologies and also to strengthen Industry Institutes interaction for enhancing employ ability of Himachali youths: The Govt. as a policy will encourage private sector participation in the field of technical and other professional education and at present the Govt. has started initiative for setting up of four quality Polytechnics in non-tribal districts which have not Polytechnics hither to in the private sector. The Govt. will exercise its prerogative to make it mandatory to the industries coming up in the State to employ 70% or more bonafide Himachali youths at all level who will be provided with necessary technical skills and knowledge by the State through Govt. or private Institutions established in the State. Go_to_To
To make Technical Institution self-sustainable in future by way of granting them autonomy: Technical Institutions established in the State in the Govt. as well as in the private sector are excepted to be self-sustainable in due course of time. The Institutions will generate the funds required for meeting their expenditure by charging suitable tuition fee as fixed by the competent authority from time to time and generate the revenue to meet other expenses.
Policy Guidelines on Technical Education and Vocational Training in Specific and Professional Education in General of the Government:
The apex professional bodies like Medical Council of India, All India Council of Technical Education. Pharmacy Council of India and National Council for Vocational Training etc. being aware of the need for expansion and diversification of the facilities for education and training welcome and approve private sector investment in the professional field subject to the firm commitment and willingness of the interested parties to comply with the norms and standards laid down by these bodies in regard to infrastructure and prescribed criteria about quality education and training without undue commercialization. The Government of Himachal Pradesh in view of aforesaid position hereby not only heartily welcomes and approves the private sector involvement and investment in the State in the field of Technical and Professional Education but also assures the extension of necessary administrative and other support to such parties in the matter.The Government hereunder lays down that:-
(a) Expansion of facilities as per need or the willingness of suitable agencies/parties to enter the field by adopting very transparent mode in the matter of grant of LOI by inviting applications as per guidelines duly approved by the Government. Go_to_Top
(b) Regulating admission in a fair and transparent manner as per norms of controlling bodies to guard against malpractices in the matter. The Government through the Department of Technical Education will charge Processing Fee of Rs. 50,000/- from Degree Level Institution, Rs. 30,000/- from Diploma Level Institutions and Rs. 20,000/- from Certificate Level Institutions and the money so realized will form the part of Corpus Fund to be created and maintained at the Directorate level.
(c) Fulfillment of required norms and standards laid down by the Appropriate apex body controlling the concerned area of education and training like AICTE, PCI, NCVT and SCVT etc. For this purpose the required inspection will be got carried out by suitable committee of experts in the field. The Government through the Department of Technical Education so as to monitor the compliance of the norms and guidelines will charge Rs. 30,000/- from Degree Level Institutions, Rs. 25,000/- from Diploma Level Institutions and Rs. 10,000/- from Certificate Level Institution for each inspection and the money so realized shall be the part of the Corpus Fund.
(d) Continuous periodical monitoring of the status of infrastructure and academic aspects to ensure quality education and training through surprise inspection for which no inspection fee will be charged.
(e) The Institutions violating the norms, guidelines and regulations of the Apex Bodies of Central or State Government will be dealt suitably by way of dis-affiliating them or by recommending their dis-affiliation to the concerned professional bodyies.
(f) Non-exploitation of the students by ensuring that the same fees and dues are charged by the Management of such Institutions as are approved by the competent authority.
(g) Fulfillment of rules, regulations and guidelines laid down by the Government in the matter.
Curricula, Examination and Certification:
The needful will be done by the appropriate controlling body and the examining body i.e. as per requirement of AICTE, PCI, NCVT or SCVT etc. and HPU or H.P.Takniki Shiksha Board or DGE&T as the case may be for formal programmes Although for non-formal programmes Institutions will be free to frame and design the curricula and certification itself or through Board.
Power to Adopt and Enforce any Regulatory Measures:
The Government will have the absolute power and prerogative to adopt and enforce any appropriate regulatory provisions in the matter to safeguard the interest of its citizens, students and its stakes